Technical Project Manager: Job Description, Responsibilities, Skills, and Salary

Published on
October 4, 2023

If you work in tech or software, you’re well familiar with the title of 'project manager'. You know they're the ones who make sure projects run smoothly, removing roadblocks and fixing issues so the team can deliver results. 

There’s a similar position you may not know as much about: for highly-technical projects, teams can have a more specialized counterpart role, which is the technical project manager. These experts delve deeper into the highly technical details, while still managing the broader project objectives. In order to be successful in the role of technical project manager, you need to have the same leadership and managerial skills of a more generalized project manager, plus a high level of IT expertise that comes from years of overseeing complex IT projects. 

In this article, we’ll help to explain the role of the technical project manager, and lay out the specific responsibilities, skills, and qualifications associated with this unique hybrid role. 

What is a technical project manager?

A technical project manager is a unique blend of a software guru and a project orchestrator. They understand the intricacies of the software development processes, and also excel in managing teams, timelines, and resources. Their role is pivotal in software teams, ensuring that while developers are knee-deep in code, the broader project milestones aren't lost in translation. Using a mix of skills that are both technical and tactical, a TPM keeps software projects running smoothly.  

Project manager vs. technical project manager

While both project managers and technical project managers aim to ensure projects reach the finish line successfully, their paths to get there differ significantly.

Project Managers: They’re the big-picture people. Their focus is primarily on scope, budget, and timelines. Whether it's software, construction, or any other industry, their core skills lie in resource management, stakeholder communication, and risk mitigation. The nitty-gritty details of the domain they’re in, like software development, might not be their forte.

Technical Project Managers: Enter the realm of tech, and this is where these experts shine. While they possess numerous managerial and knowledge attributes akin to those of project managers and scrum masters, their edge lies in their deep understanding of technology. They can speak the language of developers, comprehend the complexities of software design, and anticipate technical challenges. Their role is not just about guiding; it's about understanding and then guiding.

In essence, while a project manager might say, "We need this done by next week," a technical project manager would add, "Given the technical dependencies and the current backlog, here's the best approach to get it done by next week." It's this added layer of technical insight that sets them apart. 

What does a technical project manager do?

The role of a technical project manager (TPM) might appear similar to a traditional project manager at first glance, but the technical depth and understanding they bring to complex projects is unparalleled. Here’s a breakdown of the day-to-day roles that these experts are responsible for:

Technical oversight: TPMs are responsible for understanding the technical aspects of the project. They keep a close eye on software design, architecture, and integration points, ensuring that the technological components align well with the project's goals.

Resource allocation: With a sound understanding of the technical landscape, they are adept at assigning the right tasks to the right team members, ensuring efficient utilization of skills and timely completion.

Stakeholder communication: They act as the bridge between technical teams and non-technical stakeholders. Whether it's translating complex tech jargon into digestible updates or relaying feedback from stakeholders to developers, their communication prowess is key.

Risk management: Anticipating technical hitches and roadblocks is part of their DNA. They're constantly on the lookout for potential pitfalls, and they devise strategies to navigate around or through them.

Integration management: Software projects often involve multiple tools, platforms, and systems. TPMs ensure these components integrate seamlessly, ensuring smooth functionality and interoperability.

Continuous improvement: Adept at retrospectives, TPMs analyze completed sprints or project phases, pinpointing areas of improvement and implementing changes to optimize future cycles.

Training and mentoring: Given their technical acumen, they often play a role in upskilling team members, ensuring that the team stays updated with the latest technological trends and best practices.

In a nutshell, while a TPM wears multiple hats, each one is tailored with a blend of technical knowledge and managerial expertise. And it's this combination that ensures software projects not only take off but soar. 

What skills are needed for a technical project manager?

Now that you have a better understanding of what a technical project manager is responsible for on their team, let’s take a look at how they get it done. Technical project managers have a unique combination of skills that enable them to excel in their role. We put together a list of the cornerstone capabilities that a high-performing TPM should have:

Project management

No surprises here, right? The clue's in the title! A technical project manager needs to be adept at handling projects from inception to completion. This involves understanding project scope, defining milestones, allocating resources, project planning, and ensuring timelines are met. But it's not just about sticking to plans; it's also about being agile (pun intended) and adapting to changes, especially in the ever-evolving tech space. Being able to juggle multiple tasks, prioritize on the fly, and keep an eye on the broader objectives while navigating the nuances is paramount.

Technical knowledge

While they don’t need to be coding wizards, a strong grasp of software development processes, architectures, and technologies is crucial. This understanding allows them to foresee challenges, comprehend the intricacies of integration points, and ensure that the technological vision aligns with the project's objectives. It's this knowledge that helps bridge the gap between concept and execution, ensuring a project's vision is technically feasible.

Communication skills

Any good TPM needs to be able to relay complex technical concepts in clear, accessible language to stakeholders, while also understanding and addressing the concerns of developers. It's a two-way street: taking high-level directives and turning them into actionable tasks, and vice versa. Effective communication ensures that everyone, from developers to top-tier management, stays on the same page, reducing misalignments and ensuring smooth project progression.

Leadership

At the helm of any successful project is a strong leader, and for a TPM, leadership is paramount. But what does leadership mean in this context? It's not just about calling the shots; it's about guiding the team through the entire project, fostering a positive environment, and ensuring everyone feels valued and heard. A technical project manager with strong leadership skills can motivate team members, address conflicts, and make critical decisions under pressure. 

Time and budget management

A TPM must be adept at managing resources wisely, and keeping projects running on-time and on-budget. This involves setting realistic expectations, monitoring progress, and making adjustments as needed. Delays and cost overruns aren't just detrimental to a project's success; they can strain relationships with stakeholders and clients. Therefore, having a keen eye on both the clock and the coffers ensures that projects not only meet objectives but also stay within the defined boundaries.

Stakeholder management

A software project doesn't exist in isolation. It has stakeholders – from internal teams to external clients, each with their interests, concerns, and objectives. Stakeholder management is all about understanding these varied perspectives and ensuring they're aligned with the project's direction. A TPM needs to be adept at building relationships, managing expectations, and addressing concerns. By effectively liaising with all involved parties, they ensure that everyone is onboard and invested in the project's success. This skill is crucial in preventing scope creeps, managing feedback loops, and ensuring that the final product resonates with the intended audience.

Qualifications for a technical project manager

While there’s no specific checklist for stepping into a technical project manager role, there are certain qualifications that can help get you ahead of the curve. Here’s what many employers will be looking for when they’re hiring someone into a TPM role. 

Education

The educational backdrop of a technical project manager often starts with a bachelor's degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field. This gives them a foundational understanding of software development, methodologies, and underlying technologies. Some also venture into obtaining master’s degrees in management or MBA programs with a tech focus, which brings an added layer of managerial acumen.

Certifications

Certifications can be the icing on the cake, showcasing both commitment and expertise:

Project management certifications: PMP (Project Management Professional), PRINCE2 (Projects IN Controlled Environments), and CAPM (Certified Associate in Project Management) are some top-tier certs that highlight your skills in project management.

Technical certifications: Depending on the tech stack or domain, certifications like AWS Certified Solutions Architect, Certified ScrumMaster, or Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert can be beneficial. They demonstrate a deeper dive into specific technologies and methodologies.

Experience with software tools

Software isn't just the end product for a TPM; it's the process itself. With the recent surge in AI tools, staying updated isn't a luxury but a necessity. Proficiency in project management tools like JIRA, Asana, or Trello, coupled with familiarity with development environments and version control systems like Git, is crucial. But why stop there? Knowledge of emerging AI tools can elevate a project's efficiency to another level. These platforms, old and new, are where innovative ideas transform into tangible realities. A TPM's hands-on experience with such a diverse toolkit not only guarantees streamlined workflows but also fosters enhanced communication and timely oversight of project vitality. 

Soft skills

Before diving into the array of soft skills, let's appreciate their significance. In a role that is as much about people as it is about technology, interpersonal skills are gold. They ensure smoother collaborations, conflict resolutions, and more synchronized teamwork.

  • Problem-solving: Navigating technical and project hiccups with grace.
  • Adaptability: Pivoting in response to changes or unforeseen challenges.
  • Teamwork: Collaborating effectively with diverse teams.
  • Decision-making: Making informed choices, especially under pressure.
  • Negotiation skills: Balancing stakeholder requirements and project constraints.
  • Empathy: Understanding and addressing team and stakeholder concerns.

Like many leadership roles, it takes a blend of hard qualifications and soft skills for a technical project manager to deliver excellence. From databases to team dynamics, they've got it all covered.

Technical project manager salary

When it comes to compensation, the role of a technical project manager is recognized and rewarded for its specialized skill set. As of the latest data, the average salary for a technical project manager in the United States stands at $103,459. That said, the figures can swing based on experience and other factors. If you're starting out or are in the early stages of your career, you might be looking at figures around $81,091. However, with the accumulation of expertise and years under your belt, the compensation can climb up, reaching a robust figure of around $155,123. 

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